Incorporation would have no impact on the operation, control, population, or physical borders of the Edgemont Union Free School District, which by law operates independently of any municipality. The school district accounts for approximately 60% of the property tax bill.
The only component of the total tax bill that could be affected by incorporation is the 16% paid to the Town for services provided to the unincorporated area of Greenburgh. Upon incorporation, that tax would instead be paid to the Village of Edgemont for local municipal services (i.e., police, public works, sanitation, etc.), regardless of whether those services are provided directly by the Village or through contracts with other municipalities or private parties.
The balance of the tax bill is paid to the Greenville Fire District (11%), Westchester County (9%), Greenburgh for Town-wide services (1.5%), and to water/sewer/refuse districts (2.5%). None of those services are affected by incorporation (note: the Greenville Fire District will become the Edgemont Village Fire Department).
Click here for the full consultant-prepared report, released in January 2017, which includes financial projections if Edgemont provides its own police protection and public works services rather than securing them through inter-municipal contracts. This report was developed over a six-month period by Zions Public Finance and The Novak Consulting Group, who concluded that a Village of Edgemont is financially feasible and "would be able to provide a high level of service with the existing revenues that will credit to the Village" and stated "the projected operating surplus would provide your Village government with flexibility on debt repayment, community investment, and taxation levels." The Novak firm's analysis did not recommend specific budget allocations or an overall governance plan, as those decisions will rest with the Village's Board of Trustees.
In the two years since the feasibility study was released, the EIC has updated village financial projections to reflect higher projected tax revenues resulting from both reassessment (June 2017) and tax rate increases imposed by the Town of Greenburgh (January 2018 and January 2019). In addition, we conducted additional research on potential service options and their associated costs. The updates are presented in 4 scenarios, summarized as follows:
Click here to review a 1-page pro forma budget for each option. As shown above, projections indicate that the Village of Edgemont would operate at a comfortable surplus under all scenarios.
Had Edgemont incorporated in 2018, Village revenues at current Town tax rates and assessments would have been nearly $18 million, with total revenues exceeding $27 million (including the Greenville Fire District budget, which becomes part of the Village's). That amount is substantially higher than the total $15.8 million budget of the Village of Hastings, which has a larger population than Edgemont. Click here to see how Edgemont's comparatively large tax base generates significantly more revenues per $1 of taxation than Greenburgh's existing six villages.
Shared services are supported by New York laws and strongly encouraged by Greenburgh Town Supervisor Paul Feiner, Westchester County Executive George Latimer, and New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo. Inter-municipal agreements leverage economies of scale, reduce duplication, and ultimately save taxpayers money throughout the state, including in Westchester County.
The EIC believes that a shared services plan between Edgemont and Greenburgh for police, public works, and potentially other services would be mutually beneficial (click here for an example of a town government in New York that extensively utilizes inter-municipal agreements). Under such a plan, Edgemont would enjoy service continuity, while the Town would receive contract revenue thereby minimizing the revenue impact to the unincorporated area.
For more information about shared services:
Should Edgemont and Greenburgh not contract for police/EMS and public works, the Village would have the option of working with Westchester County, other municipalities, and/or private entities where appropriate.
Regardless of how the Village secures police, EMS, and public works, the Village will provide its own administration and building department and become responsible for zoning and planning functions within Edgemont. Fire protection, water, sewer, community center, library, court, and parking will remain available to Edgemont they are provided Town-wide, by the County, from special districts, or pursuant to other arrangements. All Town parks are available to the entire Town with the exception of AFV pool. The Village will continue to receive services (sports, camps, and after-school programs) from the Edgemont Recreation Corporation, a private non-profit entity that is funded by Edgemont.
Click here for Q&A on a service-by-service basis.
Feasibility Presentation Videos
Feasibility Presentation Videos
Highway, Snow Removal, and Sanitation
Police and Public Safety
Novak Team Conclusions of Feasibility
For the 2018-19 budgets of Greenburgh's existing 6 villages and other area villages of similar size:
Click here for the Village of Ardsley* (population 4,452).
Click here for the Village of Elmsford* (population 4,664).
Click here for the Village of Pelham Manor (population 5,486).
Click here for the Village of Larchmont (population 5,864).
Click here for the Village of Bronxville (population 6,323).
Click here for the Village of Irvington* (population 6,420).
Click here for the Village of Tuckahoe (population 6,486).
Click here for the Village of Pelham (population 6,910).
Click here for the Village of Hastings* (population 7,849).
Click here for the Village of Briarcliff Manor (population 7,867).
Click here for the Village of Croton (population 8,070).
Click here for the Village of Rye Brook (population 9,347).
Click here for the Village of Sleepy Hollow (population 9,870).
Click here for the Village of Dobbs Ferry* (population 10,875).
Click here for the Village/Town of Mt. Kisco (population 10,877).
Click here for the Village of Tarrytown* (population 11,277).
*Existing village in Greenburgh. Edgemont, population 7,565, would be Greenburgh's 7th village.
Jon Lewis is an EIC leader, 18-year resident of Seely Place, and career municipal finance professional. He worked closely with the consultants on the feasibility report. Click here to ask Jon any questions about incorporation finances.